Tarık Tolunay was born in 1970 in Istanbul. He started drawing cartoons and comic strips in Oğuz Aral’s Gırgır, then continued in other comics and newspapers. The artist was part of public opposition with his drawings.
Tolunay studied in Mimar Sinan University, Faculty of Fine Arts, Departments of Graphic and Painting. In recent years, he brought together his lines with rapid developments in information technologies and became an expert on vector illustrations and infographics. Since 2003, Tolunay has been producing storyboards, illustrations, animatics and animations. History, architecture and cartography have always been amongst his interests.
Istanbul has been the center of attention of European painters for centuries. Many travelers, artists and engravers documented the city with their lines and carried it to its present day. However, those living in their own geography did not keep a visual record of Istanbul. Tarık Tolunay has been working on Istanbul City Maps since 2010. The artist combines details of Istanbul's daily life with stories and transfers them to images within his own interpretation. Tolunay brings together and records layers of overlapping time in complex compositions.
Tarık Tolunay's goal is to make a decent contribution to the urban culture: to question the traces of the last 60-70 years through the ent phenomenon and to be able to leave a visual record for the future today and perhaps to make new suggestions. The artist wants to prevent the residents from alienating their cities. Culture moves with those who understand and consume it as much as those who produce it. In this sense, the increase in the number of “urban literate” will ensure the continuation of the ancient city by adding new colors to its long life. Fractal Istanbul Project aims to transform from being a personal project to a visual production workshop focused on Istanbul in time. The piece that reproduces and expresses itself in the whole: Fractal Istanbul. It grows and expands.
Entoptic phenomena are visual effects whose source is within the eye itself. (Occasionally, these are called entopic phenomena, which is probably a typographical mistake.)
In Helmholtz's words: "Under suitable conditions light falling on the eye may render visible certain objects within the eye itself. These perceptions are called entoptical."
Entoptic images have a physical basis in the image cast upon the retina. Hence, they are different from optical illusions, which are caused by the visual system and characterized by a visual percept that (loosely said) appears to differ from reality. Because entoptic images are caused by phenomena within the observer's own eye, they share one feature with optical illusions and hallucinations: the observer cannot share a direct and specific view of the phenomenon with others.
Helmholtz commented on entoptic phenomena which could be seen easily by some observers, but could not be seen at all by others. This variance is not surprising because the specific aspects of the eye that produce these images are unique to each individual. Because of the variation between individuals, and the inability for two observers to share a nearly identical stimulus, these phenomena are unlike most visual sensations. They are also unlike most optical illusions which are produced by viewing a common stimulus. Yet, there is enough commonality between the main entoptic phenomena that their physical origin is now well understood.
In other news, Rick Owens Fall 2021 fashion show. On the subject of underthings, the pentagram briefs from the January men’s show reappeared here wrapped around evening clutches, the implication being that these alien females had handled the “unhinged male aggression” that those briefs signified.